Sinus infections (also known as sinusitis) come in two forms; acute and chronic.
An acute (short-term) sinus infection is caused by harmless bacteria in the upper respiratory tract, and is most often caused by the common cold. It can also activate by bacteria, allergies and fungal infections. It usually lasts for two to four weeks and those who are affected usually respond well to medical therapy.
With acute sinus infection, it may be awkward to breathe through the nose. The area around the eyes and face may feel puffy, and may have throbbing facial pain or a headache as well.
However, persistent sinus infection can lead to serious infections and other complications. Sinusitis that lasts more than 12 weeks, or longer despite treatment, is called chronic sinusitis.
Chronic (long-term) sinus infections are very common in which the cavities around nasal passages (sinuses) become inflamed and swollen, it may be challenging to breathe through the nose. This condition intervenes with drainage and cause the build up of mucus.
Chronic sinusitis most commonly affects adolescent and middle-aged adults, however it can affect small children as well.
Most symptoms for acute and chronic are similar. They include bad breath, coughing, toothache, trouble breathing through the nose, erythema, facial pain, weariness, feverishness, nasal congestion, sickness or soreness in the eyes, cheeks, nose or brow and pharyngitis.
If sinus infection where left untreated, complications could occur which may lead to severe medical problems, here are some of the complications that could happen.
* Fevers and headaches together with soft tissue swelling over the frontal sinus may indicate an infection of the frontal bone better known as Pott’s Puffy Tumor or Ostemyelitis?
* The eye socket may also get infected due to ethmoid sinusitis and if it swells or becomes droopy, this may result in the inability to see and even permanent blindness. It can worse is when it causes a blood clot forms around the front and top of the face. The pupils will become fixed and dilated and this will happen on both eyes.
* A sinus infection can cause mild personality changes or altered consciousness. If this happens, it is possible that the infection can spread to the brain and result in a coma or even death.
Given the dangerous of sinus infections, it is advisable to see a physician to seek the proper medical treatment. The length of the time that the patient will be under the medication depends on the person.
Sinus infections can be treated, prior to take any medicine, see the doctor first to determine what is causing it.